Introduction To The Vancouver System Of Referencing
The Vancouver System of Referencing is a style of academic referencing used in medical, scientific and other research papers. It was developed by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) as a way to make it easier for authors to accurately cite sources in their work. It has since become widely adopted by universities and professional organizations around the world.
In this article, we’ll take an in-depth look at the Vancouver system, including its elements and usage guidelines. We’ll also provide some tips on how to use it effectively for all your academic work.
Overview Of The Vancouver System
At its core, the Vancouver system is based on two key concepts: Author-Number citations and full bibliographic references. With Author-Number citations, each source that you refer to within your text is identified with a number which corresponds to an entry in your reference list or bibliography at the end of your paper or manuscript. Full bibliographic references include all relevant information about each source listed separately from one another in alphabetical order according to author names or titles if no authors are present.
The main features of this system include:
- Use Arabic numerals (e.g., 1, 2 ,3 etc.) for both Author-Number citations and Bibliographic References.
- Citations must be placed within square brackets immediately following any quotation or paraphrase from a source.
Author-Number Citations And Full Bibliographic References
For example, when citing books using author-number citation format:  would indicate ‘Smith 2020’ as found on our Reference List/Bibliography page later containing full details such as Smith A (2020), title name etc… As per Harvard Style Citation Formatting rules; when citing books using full bibliography format : Smith A (2020). Title Name… Place : Publisher..etc As per Harvard Style Citation formatting rules; when citing websites using full bibliography format : Website name(year published)Page title[online]Available at URL[Accessed date]. So for example; BBC News(2019)EU agrees Brexit extension until 31 October[online] Available at https://www .bbc .co .uk /news /uk -politics -47963687 [ Accessed 20 May 2019 ]. In summary then; knowing how to properly use author number citations and ful lbibligraphic references can help you ensure accuracy throughout your written works thereby avoiding plagiarism accusations! Lastly let us examine ………
Utilizing Secondary Sources & Direct Quotes
When including secondary sources into written works it is important that they are clearly identified so readers know where this information comes from e g:” Accordingto Jones et al.(2017)… “or ‘Jonesetal.(2017)foundthat….”. If referring directly to someone else’s words then these should always be included inside quotation marks” This finding suggests….”(Jones et al., 2017). Additionally if quoting more than 40 words direct quotes should be indentedfromthe restofyourtextandnotincludedwithinquotation marks i e Jonesetal.(2017): “Thisfinding suggeststhat…”Itisimportanttonotethatiftakingwordsdirectlyfromasourceyoumustacknowledgethisinyourreferencesectionatoncebylistingthesesourcesinthecorrectformataccordingtothestyleguidelinesyouareusing egVancouverReferencingStyleGuide…etc Having looked now at both primaryandsecondarysourcesletusmoveonandexamine…………… By following these steps you will have successfully mastered TheVancouverSystemOfReferencing!